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The most famous laptop malfunctions and ways to fix them

How to repair a laptop at home

The laptop computer is one of the most important developments on the computer, as it contributed to its spread everywhere, and made it easier to use and move because of its light weight without compromising the quality of services provided by a non-laptop computer, but with the passage of time and frequent use, the laptop must be infected With malfunctions in its software and its various parts, which leads to its lack of response and the difficulty of completing various tasks for it, so in this article we will present the most common software and hardware malfunctions in laptops and ways to fix them.



Equipment malfunctions and ways to fix them

Laptop parts suffer from various malfunctions, and these malfunctions cause various problems in the laptop, and the following is a mention of them and their solutions:


1. The laptop suddenly stopped working and turned off

The reason for this problem is due to the high temperature of the laptop, as it generates heat continuously, but it has a limited ventilation space, and dust collects in the ventilation holes over time, which will prevent cold air from reaching the processing unit (CPU), and thus lead to shutdown When the laptop gets hotter than allowed, this problem can be solved by doing one or all of the following things as needed:

  1. Wipe the ventilation holes well from dust using a clean cloth.
  2. Putting a cloth strainer under the air entry hole, to prevent dust from entering the internal parts.
  3. Updating the basic input and output system (BIOS) responsible for controlling the laptop equipment, in order to get rid of overheating.

2. The laptop turns off after a few minutes when it is powered only by the battery

This problem appears due to the expiration of the lithium battery in the laptop and its inability to retain energy after charging it, so it should be replaced with a new one, and avoid connecting the laptop to the power cord when fully charged in order to preserve it for as long as possible.


3. The keyboard buttons are detached or loose

Excessive pressure on the keyboard and liquids falling on it cause problems with its buttons and reduce its effectiveness. This problem can be solved by replacing the keyboard.


4. Spots of strange colors appear on the screen

These spots appear green or red without changing or responding to opening and closing windows of different colors. This problem can be solved by massaging the color spot using a soft cloth in a circular motion, then pressing it for two minutes until it returns to its normal state.


5. Valid battery power consumption in a short time

When the battery is new and in good condition, it can operate the computer for about 4-5 hours, and if it expires within a short time, it indicates the presence of software that consumes its energy by a large percentage, and this consumption can be reduced by following the following things:

  1. Avoid opening too many programs and Internet windows at the same time.
  2. Turn off the bluetooth button when not in use. Because it consumes energy by a large percentage.
  3. Choose the Energy Saving mode, by following the instructions for each operating system (Windows / MAC OS) for the laptop.

Software malfunctions and ways to fix them

There are many software malfunctions that affect the laptop, and each of them causes a different problem for it, and the following is a mention of them and their solutions:


1. The laptop is not able to connect to the wireless internet, or it is constantly disconnected

This problem can be solved by doing the following:
  • Ensure that flight mode is not turned on on the laptop, and that the wireless network signal button on the keyboard is turned on.
  • Re-copy the driver for the Network Adapter, by following these steps:
  1. Click on the Computer icon on the desktop using the right mouse button, and choose the Management option.
  2. Choose the Device manager option from the window that appears.
  3. Click on the Network Card.
  4. Click the right mouse button on the option that controls the wireless network card (Wireless Adapter), and choose the (Enable) or (Install) option.
  5. When the previous process is completed, you should click again on the wireless network card using the right mouse button, and choose the (Scan for Hardware Changes) option, so that the drivers are re-copyed, and the Internet connection problem is resolved.

2. Slow software response while running, and slow file transfer 

The hard disk causes this problem in the laptop when the data in it becomes randomly arranged with the passage of time and the frequent use of the laptop, which causes difficulty in accessing the data required to run various programs, and this problem can be solved through the Disk Defragment process, and follow the following steps To apply:

  • Open the Start window, select Control Panel, and click on System and Security.
  • Choose the Defragment your Hard disks option under the Administrative Tools heading.
  • Click the Analyze Disk button in the Disk Defragment window and wait for the analysis to finish.
  • Click on the Defragment Disk button and wait for the process to complete and the hard disk to be in order.

3. The inability of the laptop to work

The cause of this problem is due to the loss of a system file or the presence of a bad sector in the hard disk, and this problem can be resolved by following these steps:
  • Removing the hard disk from the laptop and installing it in a specialized external connection unit for the internal parts of the computer (USB Enclosure).
  • Insert the USB cable of the connection unit into a working computer.
  • Perform a check disk process by pressing the Start button, typing Command Prompt in the search bar, and selecting its program.
  • When the black screen appears, you must type the name of the hard drive that appeared on the computer, then press the “Enter” button on the keyboard.
  • Write the “chkdsk /f” command for the computer to scan the hard drive and report its faults and repairs.
  • Reinstall the hard drive in the laptop after completing the previous process in order for it to start working.

4. The presence of viruses

Viruses cause the appearance of annoying windows, slow downloads from the Internet, and other problems that may threaten the user's security. Therefore, anti-virus programs should be used and updated periodically, and a scan should be carried out from time to time to ensure that the laptop is free of malware.


5. Distorted videos and photos

Some videos and games that need the latest version of the video card appear distorted, because the video, network, and audio drivers are not updated, so you should update them continuously and make sure they are with the latest versions to solve this problem.

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